Explosives — blasts, detonations, explosions, pyrotechnic effects, fragment projections (e.g. dynamite, blasting caps, fireworks, gunpowder, ammunition, toy caps); some may have mass explosion hazard
Gases — compressed (under pressure, entirely gaseous, liable to rupture and rocketing), deeply refrigerated, liquefied or dissolved under pressure in a liquid solvent (aerosols), articles charged with a gas, some may be flammable, toxic and/or have asphyxiant properties (e.g. propane, butane, helium, refrigerators)
Flammable liquids — give off flammable vapours at or below an established test criteria temperature called “flashpoint” or “flash point” (e.g. alcohols, paint and paint thinners, gasoline, diesel fuel, adhesives, perfumes)
Flammable solids — readily combustible, may cause fire through friction, may be self-reactive, may have self-accelerating decomposition (e.g. matches, magnesium, sulphur)
Substances liable to spontaneous combustion — liquids and solids, may heat in contact with air and then liable to catch fire (e.g. pyrophoric liquids and solids, oily rags, scrap celluloid); some may be pyrophoric
Water-reactive substances — emit flammable gases on contact with water, dangerous when wet (e.g. barium, calcium, potassium, sodium)
Oxidizing substances — although not themselves flammable, oxidizers readily give off oxygen to cause or contribute to the combustion of other materials (e.g. hydrogen peroxide, ammonium nitrate fertilizers, some bleaches)
Organic peroxides — thermally unstable strong oxidizers that are also liable to rapid burning (e.g. jet pack fuel), explosive decomposition, causing damage to the eyes and which may be sensitive to impact or friction (e.g. benzoyl peroxide); most react dangerously with other dangerous goods; some require temperature control during transport
Toxic (poisonous) substances — acutely toxic, cause death to test animals through oral ingestion (rats), skin contact (rabbits) and/or on inhalation (rats) (e.g. arsenic, cyanide, pesticides)
Infectious substances — substances known to contain or reasonably expected to contain pathogens (micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites, fungi), cause or promote disease in humans and/or animals, capable of spreading disease when exposure to them occurs (e.g. yellow fever, encephalitis, lassa virus, hepatitis C, rabies, creutzfeld-jacob agent)
Radioactive materials — spontaneously and continuously emit ionizing radiation (e.g. radon, uranium, plutonium, carbon-14) which human senses cannot detect
Corrosives — acids or bases which destroy skin tissue at site of contact, corrode steel and/or aluminum surfaces (e.g. wet cell batteries, mercury, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid)
Miscellaneous — substances and articles which, during transport, present a danger not more specifically covered by any of the above. They include those substances and articles with anaesthetic, noxious or similar properties, environmentally hazardous substances (e.g. dry ice, wet cell battery powered equipment, lithium ion and metal batteries, internal combustion engines, vehicles powered by internal combustion engines, some air bags and similar safety devices, PCB’s, asbestos)
Some dangerous goods are regulated for transport by one mode, but not for another. For example, vehicles and other internal combustions engines powered by flammable gas (e.g. propane, natural gas) or flammable liquid (e.g. gasoline, diesel fuel, ethanol) are regulated for transport by aircraft and by international marine ship, but not for transport by road, rail or domestic marine in Canada. Nickel metal-hydride batteries are regulated for international marine transport but not for road, rail, domestic marine transport or transport by aircraft.
For all your Dangerous Goods shipments please contact our trained and certified staff.